Cement Industry Profile

SYA Cement

Schreiber, Yonley & Associates is an environmental engineering and consulting firm that has specialized in providing professional services to the cement industry for the last two decades. We have worked with many of the plants and corporate offices throughout the United States, and have become known as a resource for providing effective technical expertise. Our staff includes a highly experienced group of professionals, most of who have worked extensively with the cement industry on environmental issues. We have a unique blend of capabilities with all aspects of air permitting and emissions testing, CKD management and landfill design, RCRA permitting and compliance as well as other environmental programs. Along with our industry experience, we have an in depth knowledge of environmental regulations, have the ability to apply reasonable operating solutions and are uniquely experienced in developing appropriate communications with the Agencies.

Specific services provided to the cement industry include:

Comprehensive Environmental Compliance:

We are known for providing expertise in all aspects of environmental management programs and for complying with the regulations. Through our environmental auditing program, we can evaluate a plant’s current status with respect to the spectrum of environmental regulations. We also routinely track new regulations to assist in maintaining our clients’ environmental programs. On the plant level, we develop compliance plans, permit applications, and coordinate with the regulatory agencies. Along with these capabilities, we provide expert witness services on environmental topics.

Our comprehensive environmental services include permitting and compliance for the wide range of environmental regulations, preparation of stormwater pollution prevention plans and SPCC plans, recommendations on recycling and waste issues, SARA Title III compilation and reporting, and NPDES permits and sampling at the individual facilities. As part of our environmental services, our staff assists with the interpretation of regulatory applicability, compliance sampling, evaluation of sample results and report completion. In addition, we perform environmental site assessments for property transactions.

Clean Air Act (CAA)

We provide our clients with a wide range of high quality services specific to the CAA. These services include air compliance audits and permitting for PSD, NSR, NSPS, MACT and Title V. Either as part of a larger project or as independent tasks, we also perform emissions inventories, process hazard review, air contaminant dispersion modeling, air toxic evaluations, stack/source testing, ambient air monitoring, and visual emissions assessments.

Unique to our firm is our ability to provide engineering, modeling, and permitting with in-house personnel and resources, allowing our clients an option to assess emissions, ensure compliance and develop permits utilizing the services of only one firm. We have developed Title V Operating Permit applications and construction and operating permit applications for multiple cement manufacturing facilities located throughout the United States. In addition, our assistance extends to developing strategies and preparing CAA permit applications for the use of tires and other alternate fuels.

CKD Management

Although the final regulations are not yet issued, facilities are currently contemplating CKD management methods to address specific state requirements, and to plan for future landfill design requirements. Our engineers and hydrogeologists are assisting facilities in developing CKD management plans, communicating with the Agencies as regulations are developed, performing CKD sampling and analysis, and preparing landfill design and stormwater permits, as well as pollution prevention plans.

Our background in CKD management is extensive. We were contracted in 1992 by the PCA to define contingent management practices for CKD and to demonstrate this management method as practical and effective. In 1994, we crafted the technical portions of the cement industry’s response to the U.S. EPA's Report to Congress on CKD. We also provided technical response for the industry to the California EPA on a study performed by the University of California on CKD. In addition to our services to these industry trade groups, we have worked with individual facilities to plan and manage their CKD projects.

Testing and Data Coordination

Schreiber, Yonley & Associates has been involved in stack sampling and fugitive emissions sampling at cement plants throughout our history. Our firm has designed test plans, conducted emissions tests, managed, and provided on-site coordination for tests ranging from an individual parameter to complex MACT and RCRA test programs. We perform detailed analysis of the results and preparation of emissions testing reports. Our engineers are familiar with the manufacturing process, so that a testing approach can be developed which best matches a facility’s particular needs. Our emissions testing experience combined with our operations and permitting expertise provides clients with necessary services for continued compliance with combustion regulations.

Dioxin Formation Research and Control

Cement plants have been addressing dioxin/furan formation and control under air emission regulations. Our extensive background in dioxin research and cement kiln technology makes us particularly qualified to develop dioxin strategies specific to a particular plant. Our experience has included working with plants, regulatory agencies and the public in developing and implementing dioxin-testing programs for emissions and CKD. Since 1979, we have studied the formation and behavior of dioxins and furans, and have presented data to U.S. EPA headquarters, the regions and state agencies. A number of years ago, we were retained by the CKRC to analyze and prepare a report on dioxin testing results from several cement plants. Since that time, we have continued to study results from the most recent testing and to develop theories and strategies to address dioxin issues.

Alternate Fuels and Raw Materials Programs

Schreiber, Yonley & Associates is known nationwide for our capabilities to assist clients in establishing and implementing alternate fuels and raw materials programs, both for non-hazardous and hazardous materials. Our firm has worked with many facilities in recommending equipment and operating approaches, developing and updating permit applications and compliance plans, developing and training facility staff on procedures, planning and managing testing and emissions studies, and coordinating with Agency personnel to help with their understanding of the projects. In addition, we audit programs and manage risk assessment projects, where required.

For hazardous waste facilities across the nation, we have assisted cement plants in developing and implementing closure plans and corrective action programs. Our assistance has included developing plans, coordinating meetings with the Agency representatives and providing independent professional engineering oversight of the implemented plans. We are familiar with the RFA/RFI process and have worked with the industry to develop appropriate measures for assessing contamination and performing remediation.

Another specialty of our firm has been managing work groups on hazardous waste permitting and compliance issues among the cement industry, the U.S. EPA and state agencies. A sample of the issues discussed in the work group includes regulatory implementation details, indirect risk assessment, metals and chlorine tracking, CKD compliance, CEMS and closure.

Community Relations/Technical Support

We provide services to our industrial clients including technical support for community relations and related activities to support a client’s needs in addressing environmental issues with the public. Having the necessary background in both the sensitivity of public issues and in the technical aspects of cement operations and associated issues, we support our clients in achieving the goal of building trust and a foundation upon which to exchange information within a community.